Protection of mother and child at the workplace
Pursuant to Article 2 para. 1 MuSchG the employee must guarantee that a pregnant or breast-feeding mother is sufficiently protected at her workplace from any dangers to life and health and that she gets the opportunity to lay down and rest during the pauses and, if necessary, also during her working hours (Article 2 para. 4 No. 1 MuSchG).
Among other things, pregnant and breast-feeding mothers must not
- carry out heavy physical work (Article 4 para. 1 and para. 2 No. 1; Article 6 para. 3 MuSchG)
- be occupied with work where they are exposed to the detrimental effects of substances that pose a risk to their health or to radiation, dust, gases, or vapours, heat, cold, or wet conditions, vibrations, or noise (Article 4 para. 1; Article 6 para. 3 MuSchG)
- carry out work after the end of the fifth month of their pregnancy where they are required to stand continuously (Article 4 para. 2 No. 2 MuSchG)
- be occupied in nightshifts (between 8.00 P.M. and 6.00 A.M.) and on Sundays and public holidays (Article 8 para. 1 MuSchG)
- work for more than 8.5 hours a day or 90 hours in two weeks (extra work; Article 8 para. 1 and 2 MuSchG)
Particular regulations protect pregnant and breast-feeding women when working with x-rays and radioactive substances. Chemical and biological pollutants may also pose a risk.