Sustainable and interdisciplinary

Collaborative Research Centers and Research Training Groups

Collaborative Research Centers (CRC) and CRC/Transregios (CRC-TRR) of the German Research Foundation (DFG) are the flagships of the German science landscape. The University of Stuttgart is the lead university for eight of these multi-million Euro funded institutes and is a participant in others.

In the Collaborative Research Centers (CRC), sustained by DFG for up to twelve years, researchers collaborate on interdisciplinary, challenging, and costly research projects. CRCs that are permanently located in one university are differentiated from the so-called Transregios (CRC-TRR) that are spread over several university locations.

At present (Dec, 2017), three Collaborative Research Centers and four Transregional Collaborative Research Centers are housed at the University of Stuttgart; a further CRC is due to start from January, 2018.

Besides, the University plays a major role in each two additional CRC and Transregios.Added to this are three ongoing DFG Research Training Groups, two DFG Priority Programs as well as numerous Research Units.

Collaborative Research Centers link researchers from the most varied speciality fields and disciplines. Pictured here is a bionic structure from CRC-TRR 141. (c) ICD
Collaborative Research Centers link researchers from the most varied speciality fields and disciplines. Pictured here is a bionic structure from CRC-TRR 141.

Localized Collaborative Research Centers (CRC)

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CRC 716 makes complex calculations intelligible with interactive images. (c) Max Kovalenko
CRC 716 makes complex calculations intelligible with interactive images.

Spokesperson: Prof. Christan Holm, Institute of Computational Physics

Computer simulations allow us to answer questions about the properties of materials, causes of fracturing, machine process flows or biochemical processes. But, to understand the macro world, we first need to grasp it at the small and smallest scales. This is the principle to which the researchers of CRC 716 have dedicated themselves to investigate the smallest particles in nature and technology. With computers, they reconstruct the behavior of atoms and molecules in the quest for answers to current scientific problems.

To this end, we have teams from the natural and engineering sciences as well as computer science working closely together. They develop suitable models for describing the processes in realms that are invisible to the eye. In the process, they seek to make it possible to calculate a maximum of information, long time frames and complex problems on presently available computer architectures in order to create intelligible pictures of the particle world.

Spokesperson: Prof. Jonas Kuhn, Institute for Natural Language Processing, Foundations of Computational Linguistics Research Unit

Words like barrier, supply, or measurement variously describe either a blocking, delivery, or measuring event or can refer to a fence, a good, or a value. The intended meaning can only be determined in context. It is these double meanings and ambiguities that makes “Incremental specification in context” the object of study in CRC 732 where approximately 50 researchers brought together from theoretical linguistics and computer linguistics work. In the current third funding period (2014-2018) we are planning, for one, to apply the research done to date to “non-canonical data,” i.e., for example, constructions that are not unambiguously classifiable, languages that are seldom studied and varieties of “unadjusted” text and spontaneously-spoken dialogs. We also plan to test the resulting hypotheses using data from web corpora. In doing so, CRC 732 will make a significant contribution to the “Digital Culture & Technology” topic of the future at the University of Stuttgart

Spokesperson: Prof. Werner Sobek, Institute of Lightweight Structures and Conceptual Design

The CRC 1244 "Adaptive envelopes and structures for the constructed environment of tomorrow" deals with the question of how to create more living space with less materials in the face of growing world population and shrinking resources. The use of  adaptive elements in load-bearing structures, envelope systems, and interior works makes it possible to precisely change the structural and building-physical characteristics of materials and construction elements so that they ideally adapt to various kinds of loads. This has many advantages: load-bearing structures can be produced with less material and energy usage. In the field of buliding envelopes the adaptive elements promote energy efficiency and improve the quality of stay inside the buildings - an important prerequisite for an improvement of the user's physical and mental well-being. Besides the static-constructive and building-physically relevant opportunities and effects, the integration of adaptive elements also enlarges the scope of drafting and design in architecture.

Spokesperson: Professor Rainer Helmig, for Water and Environmental Modelling

The Collaborative Research Center (CRC) 1313 has set itself the target of developing a fundamental understanding of how the interfaces – for example between two fluids or between the fluid and a solid material – influence flow, transport and deformation in porous media. On the one hand it should be quantified which influencing factors like pore geometry, the heterogeneity and cracks in the porous medium have on the dynamics of the flow processes. On the other hand mathematical and numerical models should be developed with which the impacts of processes that take place on very many small scales can be integrated into flow simulations.

How liquids or gases (fluids) spread in porous media, for example in rocks, and to which deformations this leads plays a role in very many fields of application. Examples of this are the optimisation of fuel cells, the storage of carbon dioxide or methane underground, the prediction of landslides after heavy rain or the transport of medicaments in human tissues.

Transregio Collaborative Research Centers

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Prof. Tilman Pfau, spokesperson for the CRC-TRR „Co.Co.Mat“.	 (c) Wolfram Scheible
Prof. Tilman Pfau, spokesperson for the CRC-TRR „Co.Co.Mat“.

Spokesperson: Prof. Tilman Pfau, Institute of Physics (5)

Funded since 2005 by the German Research Foundation, in Transregio 21 (CRC-TRR 21) teams at the Universities of Stuttgart, Tübingen, and Ulm have committed themselves to researching the fascinating phenomena of quantum physics. To accomplish this, the scientists have opted for hybrid approaches that combine the best from the worlds of atomic and solid state physics in new applications and in studying novel quantum states of matter. Participating for the first time in the current third funding period are interdisciplinary projects from physics and biology.

A minuscule droplet is kept in suspension by a laser while its light scattering characteristics are analyzed. (c) Sven Cichowicz
A minuscule droplet is kept in suspension by a laser while its light scattering characteristics are analyzed.

Spokesperson: Prof. Bernhard Weigand, Institute of Aerospace Thermodynamics 

Droplets have a key role in many areas of nature and technology. Gaining a fundamental understanding of droplet dynamics processes is crucial for improving technical systems or predicting natural processes. Many of these processes take place under extreme environmental conditions and are already applied in technical systems despite a lack of fundamental knowledge. This is precisely where the Transregio “Droplet dynamics under extreme ambient conditions” picks up. The goal is first to gain a profound physical understanding of these processes, then show how to describe them analytically and numerically and find ways to implement them. This is expected to lead to improved prediction of larger natural systems or technical applications..

Following on the first funding phase of CRC-TRR 75 in which the focus was on fundamental processes of single droplets, the current second phase concentrates on small droplet groups and droplet clusters all oriented to the selected lead examples.

CRC-TRR 141 translates natural structures - here made by a diving bell spider - into innovative architecture. (c) ICD/ITKE
CRC-TRR 141 translates natural structures - here made by a diving bell spider - into innovative architecture.

Spokesperson: Prof. Jan Knippers, Institute of Building Structures and Structural Design

Building the way nature does it: Transregio 141 opens a new avenue to design and construction in architecture. It links the competencies of the University of Stuttgart in the fields of lightweight construction and simulation techniques with the focus of partner Universities of Freiburg and Tuebingen in biology, physics, and the geosciences. The goal is to develop multi-functional, adaptable structures that are simultaneously ecologically efficient and also far exceed the limits of conventional structural design. An important characteristic of natural structures is their multi-layered, hierarchically structured and locally differentiated combination of a few basic molecular components. These lead to multiple networked functions. Recent developments in computer-based modeling, simulation, and production offer new options for more closely analyzing these principles and for transferring them to building construction and other technological areas. Our researchers aim not only to improve technical performance but also focus on the ecological characteristics of natural structures, particularly the effective use of limited resources and their closed materials cycles.

To make the quality and practicality of image information measurable, findings from eye tracking research are utilized. (c) VISUS
To make the quality and practicality of image information measurable, findings from eye tracking research are utilized.

Spokesperson: Prof. Daniel Weiskopf, Visualization Research Center

Do images get the information they contain across to the observer? How much effort is required to extract it? What possibilities do new interaction techniques offer? CRC/Transregio 161 focuses on visual computing, that is, the computer-aided processing and presentation of pictorial information. The joint project is carried out by the Universities of Stuttgart and of Constance; the Max-Planck-Institute of Biological Cybernetics in Tuebingen is also a participant.

Subsumed in the “visual computing” title are numerous applications from research and industry as well as from individuals such as the visualization of measurement data or simulations, virtual maps and tours or computer-generated movie scenes. Information scientists from various disciplines collaborate with engineers and psychologists on new technologies for simplifying the representation and processing of the steadily growing masses of data and for further improving the quality of computer-generated images. The goal of the approx. 40 participating scientists is to make the quality and precision of existing as well as new visual computing methods measurable, determinable and adaptable to the needs of different applications and users.

Transregio Collaborative Research Centers of other universities with participation of the University of Stuttgart

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Spokesperson: Prof. Nikolaus Andreas Adams, Institute of Aerodynamics at the Technical University of Munich

Sub-projects of the University of Stuttgart: Prof. Bernhard Weigand, Institute of Aerospace Thermodynamics

CRC-TRR 40 has scientists at the Universities of Aachen, Braunschweig, Munich and Stuttgart focusing on those components of rocket-propelled space transportation systems that are exposed to extremely high loads and temperatures: the combustion chamber, the nozzle, and the aft body. Structure cooling and flow-structure correlation are also subjects of detailed research in order to improve currently deployed systems.

The projects housed at the University of Stuttgart specifically investigate direct numerical simulation of effusion cooling and new, innovative cooling methods for rocket combustion chambers. Also being investigated is turbulent spray combustion in rocket combustion chambers and droplet vaporization near the critical point and under supercritical conditions.

Spokesperson: Prof. Marlis Hochbruck, Karlsruhe Institute of Technology (KIT), Institute of Applied and Numeric Mathematics

Sub-projects of the University of Stuttgart:
Prof. Guido Schneider, Institute of Analysis, Dynamics and Modelling

The goals of this Collaborative Research Center include analytically understanding wave propagation under realistic conditions, modeling them numerically and also ultimately controlling them. The fundamental methodological approach is one of integrated mathematical analysis and numerics. The focus of Prof. Schneider’s contribution to this work is approximation using amplitude equations. It finds application in waterwaves or non-linear optics and is used in cases when direct numerical simulation is not feasible due to the multiscale character of the problems under consideration.

Spokesperson: Prof. Peter Grathwohl, University of Tübingen

Sub-projects of the University of Stuttgart: Prof. Dr. Wolfgang Nowak, Institut of Modelling Hydraulic and Environmental Systems, Stochastic Simulation and Security Research for Hydro Systems

The CRC "CAMPOS – Cycle of matter in drainage areas: Metabolization of pollutants on the landscape scale“ examines the transport and turnover of pollutants in the spacious and long-term process chains that are predominant in nature. By using innovative monitoring systems as well as numerical landscape models the CRC wants to create a basis for more reliable predictions of future soil and water quality under the conditions of climate and land-use change. A special focus is laid on landscape elements such as rivers, subsections in the spring area of rivers, valley floors, fractured aquifiers and soil. The University of Stuttgart's contributions are in the areas of planning experiments and the assessment of uncertainties that are inevitable when modelling and simulating this kind of complex and not fully understood processes concerning pollutant transport.

Providing opportunities for young scientists: Research training groups

The focus of the Research Training Groups funded by the German Research Foundation is the qualification of doctoral researchers within the framework of a topically focused research program and a structured training concept. Research Training Groups with an interdisciplinary approach are most desired. The aim is to prepare doctoral researchers intensively for the complex “science” job market and at the same time foster their early scientific independence.

Research Training Groups (GRK) at the University of Stuttgart

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Nonlinearities and upscaling in porous media
Spokesperson: Prof. Dr.-Ing. Rainer Helmig, Institute for Modeling Hydraulic and Environmental Systems – Department of Hydromechanics and Modelling of Hydrosystems 

In 2015, the iNterdisciplinary Union of Porous media research at the University of Stuttgart came out of the research training group “Nonlinearities and upscaling in porous media” in which young scientists and students discussed different research approaches of porous media. Main focus is on the expansion of liquids, gases, and particles in porous media. The uses range from water research to batteries. After founding the Stuttgart Research Partnership many more universities and research centers from Germany, Italy, Great Britain, Norway, Poland, Belgium, Netherlands, Switzerland and the USA became members of the SRP.

Spectral theory and dynamics of quantum systems
Spokesperson: Prof. Dr. Marcel Griesemer, Institute for Analysis, Dynamics and Modelling, Department of Analysis

Technologies for droplet interactions (DROPIT)
Spokesperson: Prof. Dr.-Ing. Bernhard Weigand, Institute for Aerospace Thermodynamics

Whether it concerns the spray cooling of food, the process of evaporation or combustion processes in engines: how droplets interact among each other and with surroundings plays a central role in many industrial uses. The technological progress in this field requires the development of adequate calculation approaches. Yet this is only possible if you analyze the hardly recognizable detail processes at the phase boundary as well as the micro structure of surfaces. This is the goal of the German-Italian graduate college at the University of Stuttgart which receives €3.5 million funding from the German Research Foundation DFG.

„Soft Tissue Robotics - Simulation methods for the development of control and automatization strategies for robots when interacting with soft tissues

Spokesperson: Prof. Oliver Röhrle, Professor for „Continuum Bio Mechanics and Mechano Biology“ in the Exzellence Cluster Simulation Technology and at the Institute of Applied Mechanics - Chair II

Whether you look at exoskeletons, fully automatic apple pickers or picking up parts in butchery: numerous challenging problems occur when ‘stiff’ robots have to deal with soft tissues. Finding solutions is the task of the new international graduate college (IKG) “Soft Tissue Robotics - Simulation methods for the development of control and automatization strategies for robots when interacting with soft tissues” at the University of Stuttgart. The IKG has the University of Auckland, New Zealand as a partner.

To improve basic knowledge the research concentrates its main focus on simulation technologies, automatization and control as well as the combination of technological and biological concepts. First of all, simulation techniques and sensors are to be further developed to enable an estimation of the deformation of materials after certain interactions. The second goal is the development of regulation and control technologies for robots interacting with soft tissues.

Eine Wissenschaftlerin und zwei Wissenschaftler im Gespräch.
Supporting and fostering young scientists is of the utmost importance.

High-quality teams: DFG research units

A DFG research unit is a close-knit team of several outstanding scientists from a university who cooperate with researchers at other institutes on medium-term – generally up to six years – research projects that, in terms of thematic focus, duration and funding extend considerably beyond regular individual grant programs. Research units frequently contribute to establishing new research directions.

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Number

Title

Spokesperson

Research units with the University of Stuttgart as head institution

1493

Diamond Materials for Quantum Application

Prof. Dr. Jörg Wrachtrup
Institute of Physics (3)
Faculty Mathematics and Physics

Research units with participation of the University of Stuttgart

981

Hybrid Intelligent Construction Elements - HIKE | University of Stuttgart

Prof. Dr.-Ing. Hansgeorg Binz
Institute of Engineering Design and Industrial Design
Faculty Engineering Design, Production Design and Automotive Engineering

1136

Simulation of Geotechnical Construction Processes with Holistic Consideration of Constitutive Lows in Soils (GeoTech)

Prof. Dr. Anita Schöbel
University of Göttingen
Subproject Manager at University of Stuttgart
Prof. Dr.-Ing. Markus Friedrich
Institute of Road and Transportation Science
Faculty Civil- and Environmental Engineering

1296

Diversity of Asymmetric Thiamine Catalysis

Prof. Dr. Michael Müller
University of Freiburg
Subproject Manager at University of Stuttgart
Prof. Dr. rer. nat. Georg Sprenger
Institute of Microbiology
Faculty Energy-, Process- and Bio-Engineering
Apl. Prof. Dr. Jürgen Pleiss
Institute of Technical Biochemistry
Faculty Chemistry

1509

Functional Materials at Multi Scales Continuum Modeling and Experimental Characterization

Prof. Dr.-Ing. Jörg Schröder
University of Duisburg-Essen
Subproject Manager at University of Stuttgart
Prof. Dr.-Ing. Christian Miehe
Jun.-Prof. Dr.-Ing. Marc-André Keip
Institute of Applied Mechanics (Civil Engineering)
Faculty Civil- and Environmental Engineering

1600

Chemistry and Technology of ammonothermal synthesis of nitrides    

Prof. Dr.-Ing. Eberhard Schlücker
University of Erlangen-Nürnberg
Subproject Manager at University of Stuttgart
Prof. Dr. Rainer Niewa
Institute of Inorganic Chemistry
Faculty Chemistry

1807

Advanced Computational Methods for Strongly Correlated Quantum Systems

Prof. Dr. Fakher Fakhry Assaad
University of Würzburg
Subproject Manager at University of Stuttgart
Prof. Dr. Maria Daghofer
Institute of Functional Matter and Quantum Technologies
Faculty Mathematics and Physics

2083

Integral Planning in Public Transport

Prof. Dr. Anita Schöbel
University of Göttingen
Subproject Manager at University of Stuttgart
Prof. Dr.-Ing. Markus Friedrich
Institute of Road and Transportation Science
Faculty Civil- and Environmental Engineering

2089

Durable Roads for Future Traffic Burdens, Coupled System Road - Tire - Vehicle

Prof. Dr.-Ing. Theodoros Triantafyllidis
Karlsruhe Institute of Technology (KIT)
Subproject Manager at University of Stuttgart
Prof. Dr.-Ing. Wolfgang Ehlers
Institute of Applied Mechanics (Civil Engineering)
Faculty Civil- and Environmental Engineering

2247

From few to many-body physics with dipolar quantum gases

Prof. Dr. Hans Peter Büchler
Institute of Theoretical Physics III
Faculty Mathematics and Physics

2397

Multi-scale Analysis of Complex Three-phase Systems

Prof. Dr.-Ing. Ulrich Nieken
Institute of Chemical Process Engineering
Faculty Energy-, Process- and Bio-Engineering
Prof. Dr. Tilmann Pfau
Institute of Physics (5)
Faculty Mathematics and Physics

 

As of March 2016

957

Polarization Field Control in Nitride Light Emitters

Prof. Dr. Ferdinand Scholz
University of Ulm
Subproject Manager at University of Stuttgart
Prof. Dr. Peter Michler, Dr. Michael Jetter
Institute of Semiconductor Optics and Functional Interfaces
Faculty Mathematics and Physics

1066

Simulation of the Covering of Aerofoils and Engine nacelles

Prof. Dr.-Ing. Rolf Radespiel
Technical University of Braunschweig
Subproject Manager University of Stuttgart
Dr.-Ing. Thorsten Lutz
Institute of Aerodynamics and Gasdynamics
Faculty Aerospace Engineering and Geodesy

1082

Biochemistry and biological function of Dnmt2 methyltransferases

University of Duisburg-Essen
Prof. Dr.-Ing. Jörg Schröder
Subproject Manager at University of Stuttgart
Prof. Dr.-Ing. Christian Miehe
Jun.-Prof. Dr.-Ing. Marc-André Keip
Institute of Applied Mechanics (Civil Engineering) Faculty Civil- and Environmental Engineering

1083

Multi-Scale Interfaces in Unsaturated Soil

Prof. Dr. Insa Neuweiler
University of Hanover
Subproject Manager at Universität Stuttgart
Prof. Dr.-Ing. Rainer Helmig
Institute of Modelling Hydraulic and Environmental Systems
Department of Hydromechanics and Modelling of Hydrosystems
Faculty Civil- and Environmental Engineering

1088

ECOMATION

Prof. Dr.-Ing. Dr. h.c. mult. Alexander Verl
Institute of Control Engineering of Machine Tools and Manufacturing Units
Faculty Engineering Design, Production Engineering and Automotive Engineering

273

Therapy of Urinary Incontinence through Cell-based Regeneration of the Urethral Sphincter

Prof. Dr. Arnulf Stenzl
University Hospital Tübingen Clinic of Urology
Subproject Manager at University of Stuttgart
Prof. Dr.-Ing. Oliver Sawodny
Institute of System Dynamics
Faculty Engineering Design, Production Engineering and Automotive Engineering


As of March 2016

DFG priority programs

A DFG priority program (SPP) is a research program arranged for six years for supra-regionally bundling of scientific cooperations. It is designed for the advancement of important new scientific topics through coordinated funding distributed over multiple locations. Currently active at the University of Stuttgart are two DFG priority programs:

Prof. Marc Toussaint with his robot that is capable of learning.
Prof. Marc Toussaint with his robot that is capable of learning.

Nr. 1527 Autonomous learning

Spokesperson: Prof. Dr. Marc Toussaint, Institute for Parallel and Distributed Systems, Department of Machine Learning and Robotics

Nr. 1569 Generation of multifunctional inorganic materials by molecular bionics

Spokesperson: Prof. Dr. Joachim Bill,  Institute for Materials Science, Chair of Materials Chemistry, Bio-inspired Mineralization Working Group

Contact

Dieses Bild zeigt Harrer
 

Birgit Harrer

Head of National Research Funding