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Information on the Bachelor of Arts and Bachelor of Science

Bachelor's degrees – qualifications and requirements

The Bachelor's is the first academic degree that can lead to a profession or be a stepping stone to an academic career.

Qualifications and options

The academic rank of Bachelor is a full-fledged degree. It offers the quickest route to obtaining a university degree. It is also a stepping stone to studying for a Master’s degree; however, it also opens the way for entering directly on a career path.

Bachelor of Arts (B.A.) and Bachelor of Science (B.Sc.) degrees

Degrees are awarded to signify a successful completion of academic studies. There are two types of Bachelor’s degrees at the University of Stuttgart. They rank equally but differ by field of specialization:  

  • Bachelor of Arts (B.A.) is awarded in the humanities and social science fields. Also, when studying in order to take the State Examination for Teachers, a Bachelor of Arts degree must be earned first.
  • Bachelor of Science (B.Sc.) is awarded in the natural sciences, engineering sciences, and economics fields.

Studierende sitzen auf einer Mauer und lesen in einer Broschüre.
Get a job immediately or prefer to continue your studies instead? By choosing a Bachelor's degree program, you create many options for your future.

Starting dates

Bachelor degree programs begin in the winter semester (starting in October).


Normally, study programs leading to the Bachelor of Arts (B.A.) and Bachelor of Science (B.Sc.) degrees take six semesters to complete. Latest in your third year of studies it is possible to choose an individualized direction for your program of studies, that is, a given specialization within the subject area.



To enroll in a Bachelor's degree program, you must first submit an application. It lets the University determine if applicants appear to be generally suited for academic studies and can handle the demands of their chosen subject. To be able to study at a university or college, you will need a university entrance qualification.

An orientation program is obligatory. The rational is to ensure that the choice of study program was no accident. If you are applying for the first regular semester, you will need a certification that you attended one of the programs that serve this purpose. These certifications have no expiration date. The sole orientation program for the teacher examination course of study is the CCT (Career Counselling for Teachers; page only available in German).

Because most study programs are conducted in German, having a very good command of German is another important prerequisite.

However, knowledge of a foreign language is also required in many study programs

For the exact languages and requirements, check the exam regulation (only available in German) and each subject's admission requirements.

Some study programs have a limited number of study places and therefore limit enrollment. Students in that case are selected through a university selection procedure (NC process).

NC stands for numerus clausus. It does not screen for a school leaving grade but only indicates that a given number of study places will be distributed. Ninety percent of the study places are allocated using ranking lists. The ranking lists are put together using point scores in the manner specified in the University's admissions regulations.

Before enrollment in a study program leading to a Bachelor of Science (B.Sc.) degree, an entrance examination is administered. It is used to determine special suitability and motivation for the chosen study program. It does not matter here whether it is a restricted-admission study program or not.

Certain B.Sc. study programs in addition require pre-university work experience for the first semester. For more details, see the page on selection criteria and admissions.

Two B.A. study programs require testing: In Sports Science, the Sports entrance examination is an admission requirement. The German-French Social Sciences study program also calls for an entrance examination. In each case, the registration window closes on May 15.


A study program transmits subject knowledge through lectures, teaches methodological skills in seminars, and mentors their application in exercises. To make sure that the students acquire the same skills, the study program elements are divided into modules.

The modules are frameworks within which contents can vary. They build on each other in a logical sequence. In this way, priorities can be set for studies without incurring the risk of overlooking essentials.

There are three kinds of modules:

Basic modules

transmit basic knowledge of methods and how, why, and to what purpose they are applied

Core modules

transmit the actual subject knowledge.

Additional modules

provide contents of various specialized areas within the study program.

Study programs structure

The Bachelor's study programs differ in the way they are constructed and how their modules are weighted.

Bachelor of Science and one-subject Bachelor of Arts

Bachelor of Science and one-subject Bachelor of Arts study programs are configured identically.

A total of 180 ECTS Credits must be earned. Subject modules divided into basic, core, and additional modules deal with the subject content. Most of the credits accumulate in these modules. Key qualification modules help acquire both subject-specific skills and skills that lie outside the subject field. The study program concludes with the student writing a  Bachelor's thesis worth 6 to 12 credits. It is an independent scientific treatment of a subject field-related topic.

Refer to the module hand book covering the study program in question for how credits are allocated to modules.

Modulstruktur von Bachelor of Science und dem Ein-Fach-Bachelor of Arts
Modular structure of the Bachelor of Science and one-subject Bachelor of Arts: The largest part consists of subject modules. Key qualification and the Bachelor's thesis with its small weight make up the remainder.

Die Fächervielfalt zeigt die Wanddekoration in der S-Bahn-Station Universität in Vaihingen.
The Bachelor of Arts with major and minor subjects makes it possible to combine disparate subjects.

Notes on the individual subjects:

  1. English (major subject only): English and Latin or another Romance language or Russian
  2. German (major subject only): English and one other foreign language
  3. History (major subject): English and another foreign language required for the study assessment test. If this second language is not Latin, Latin must be learned during the study program. Knowledge of Latin will be tested concurrently with the study program.
    History (minor subject): Knowledge of Latin will be tested concurrently with the study program.
  4. History of Natural Sciences and Technology (major subject only): English and another foreign language
  5. Art History (major subject only): English and another foreign language for the study assessment test. If this second language is not Latin, Latin must be learned during the study program.
  6. Linguistics (major subject only): English and another foreign language
  7. Romance Studies: English and French (major subject) and English, French, and Italian (minor subject)
  8. Sports Science (major and minor subject): Admission requires passing the Sports entrance examination

Further details are found in the exam regulation (available only in German) governing each subject.

Key qualifications (SQ)

Key qualifications (SQ) are designed to equip students for a professional career. Contributing to this are instructional units that let those taking them reach new insights and deal with a variety of challenges. Key qualifications do not convey pure subject knowledge, but instead focus on teaching capabilities and competencies. This is why some SQ courses are interdisciplinary.

Examples: For chemistry students, a subject-related SQ would be toxicology (teaching on poisonous substances); jurisprudence is an interdisciplinary key qualification. Internships also count toward key qualifications.

The key qualification modules are segregated into these six competency domains:

  1. Methodological: The ability to acquire new knowledge and utilize it in appropriate ways
  2. Social: The ability to deal with other people respectfully and empathetically
  3. Communicative: The ability to make contacts and conduct dialogues
  4. Personal: The ability to reflect on the self and develop the self
  5. Law, economics, politics: The ability to classify and utilize the social, legal, and economic scope of one’s own subject field
  6. Natural scientific-technological basics: Knowledge of principles and technological developments


Credits are given for coursework in order to make it comparable Europe-wide. As provided for in the European Credit Transfer and Accumulation System 30 ECTS credits are to be obtained per semester.

University of Stuttgart Bachelor’s degree programs require 180 credits. From 6 to 12 derive from the Bachelor thesis. A single ECTS credit approximates a 30-hour work load. From the expected number of points, you can calculate how much of your time a study program or module will take up.

In older exam regulations, ECTS credits are also called credit points.

Exam regulations

You can also access the separate exam regulation governing the Bachelor of Arts and Bachelor of Science degree programs on the links menu. In the regulations you will find all the rules specifying the requirements, approaches, processes, and exam conditions for each program. No matter when you begin your studies, this way you will always have a relevant exam regulation at your fingertips. The exam regulations are only availabe in German since they are official documents.