Prof. Dr. Kazuhiko Takeuchi, Tokyo University of Tokyo, Graduate School of Agriculture and Agricultural Life Science
Prof. Dr. Morio Uzuki, Tokyo, Waseda University, Department of Architecture and City Planning
Prof. Dr. Masaru Miyawaki, Chiba, Chiba University, Department of Urban Environment Systems
Dr. Yoko Kano, Tokyo, University of Tokyo, Graduate School of Agriculture and Agricultural Life Science
Prof. Dr. Hideyuki Sakamoto, Kanazawa,Kanazawa College of Art, Department of Design
Prof. Dr. Loreto Colombo, Naples, Universitiy of Naples
Prof. Dr. Juergen Baumueller, Stuttgart, Offi ce for Environmental Protection
Prof. Dr. Helmut Bott, Stuttgart, University of Stuttgart, Department of Urban Planning
Dipl. Ing. Kurt Werner, Regensburg, Office for Urban Planning
Environmental problems grew serious as a negative legacy brought about by economic growth in the 20th century, which was a "century of development."
In the 21st century, the "environmental century," great interest is surging in conquering such problems and reconstructing the economic social system that guarantees global sustainability and its infrastructure.
In this project it will be considered via concrete cases what urban sustainability should be like in order to create an urban environment that is rich in amenity and fostered by the natural environment, history, and culture, and which at the same time fuses global and local standpoints all the while contributing to solving global environmental problems.
In particular, by comparing a provincial city in Japan with counterparts in Germany and Italy, means of urban planning and landscape planning are examined that respect the region’s individuality while dealing with global environmental issues.
The project looks at the cases of the different provincial cities in order to inspect forms of urban sustainability. It took up in Germany, Stuttgart, a provincial city with a population of about 590,000, and in Italy, Naples, a provincial city with a population of about 1,200,000. Moreover, in order to inspect concretely the sustainability of a Japanese city in comparison with cities in Europe, it took up Kanazawa, a provincial city with a population of approximately 450,000.
The formation of compact cities, policies to prevent global warming, preservation of bio-diversity, etc. can be mentioned as environmental policies from the global environment standpoint. Specifically, this means restraints on urban growth, restraints on carbon dioxide emissions, preservation of forests, construction of an ecological network, and so on. On the other hand, the formation of green belts, construction of public transportation, preservation and regeneration of waterways, preservation of historic rows of streets, arrangement of pedestrian spaces, advancement of participatory-style city-building, and the like can be listed as environmental policies from a local environment standpoint.
The question is how to combine these effectively and proceed with individualistic city-building rich in amenity that overflows with humanity, on the one hand, while contributing somehow to solving global environment problems, on the other hand.
That would seem to be sustainable city-building that combines the global perspective with the local perspective. From herein on, while looking at examples in Germany, Italy and Japan, the project will inspect how both standpoints have been fused with the objective of urban sustainability.