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Reurbanization in the United States and Germany: A comparative study of driving forces and spatial patterns of reurbanization processes in Portland and Stuttgart

Project description

This research project focuses on comparing processes of re-urbanization of major cities in Germany and the US. Comparison will take place on two levels: On the national level, comparative statistical analysis of the structural change in the conurbations of both countries will be conducted for the time period of 1970 to 2010, based on US census data (recent census 2010) and on German municipal statistics. On regional and local level (which is the main focus of the project), small-scale spatial characteristics of re-urbanisation and their causes are examined for two case studies (Stuttgart, Germany and Portland, Oregon US), based on a combination of methods (statistical analysis, document analysis, expert interviews and on-site surveys). An important guiding question is whether processes of re-urbanisation are predominantly market driven or – intentionally or unintentionally – result from local and regional policies. The project is understood as an empirical contribution to comparative international urban research. It pursues two goals: 1. Generating hypotheses that allow for a well-founded social and spatial differentiation of re-urbanisation and its driving forces. 2. Providing a solid theoretical background for the current debate on convergence/divergence of European and American urban development and urban policy.

Project organization

Participating institutes Institute of Regional Development Planning, University of Stuttgart (Prof. Dr.-Ing. Stefan Siedentop)
Urban Design Institute, Fachgebiet Orts- und Regionalplanung (SI), University of Stuttgart (Prof. Dr. Johann Jessen)
Sponsor DFG (German Research Foundation)
Duration 36 months
Status ongoing