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Last NameJacopo (Taccola)    
Given NameMariano di    
alt. NamesM. d. J. (T.) ; nickname: Il Taccola (the crow / die Krähe) / Mariano Di Jacopo Detto Il Taccola ;    
Year born1382 in Siena, now Italy    
Year died1453 or 1458 c.    
Place of deathSiena, now Italy    
Father's occupationa wine farmer    
Educationartisanal training, failed to study law    
Country of ActivityItaly    
Worked forDe ingeneis (Concerning engines, written since 1419) ; De machinis (Concerning machines, c. 1449) ;    
Patronageadmin. of Ghibelline Siena; order of San Jacomo (c.1453); T. offered his services to Emperor Sigismund, King of Hungary, who visited Siena in 1432    
Techniquestechnical drawing    
Sample(s)http://brunelleschi.imss.fi.it/genscheda.asp?appl=LIR&xsl=slideshow&lingua=ENG&chiave=100993 & http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/Category:Taccola    
Archival sourcesBib.Nat.France Paris Ms.Lat. 7239 & 7329 ; Bayerische Staatsbibl. Munich Cod.Lat.Monacensis 197 & 28800; Brit.Libr. Add 34113; Urbino, Codex Santini ;    
Published sourcesThB 32 1938 ; James H. Beck (ed.): Liber tertius de ingeneis ac edifitiis non usitatis (Mailand 1969) ; Eberhard Knobloch (ed.): De machinis. De rebus militaribus (De machinis 1449) (Baden Baden 1984) ; Giustina Scaglia & Frank Prager (eds.): De ingeneis ... on engines & addenda (notebook) (Wiesbaden 1984) ;    
otherItalian polymath, administrator, engineer; arch source Bibl. Naz. Florence: codex Pal. 766 ; further refs. & analysis in Steffen Bogen: Fließende & unterbrochene Bewegung Linien bei Taccola, in F. Teja (ed.): Zur Theorie und Geschichte der Zeichnung (Munich 2009: 241-60). See also: en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Taccola.    

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