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Last NameMerian    
Given NameMaria Sibylla °    
alt. NamesM. S. M. ;     
Marriageartist ->Johann Andreas Graff (1637-1701) in 1668    
Children2: ->Dorothea Maria Henriette Merian-Graff & ->Joanna (Johanna) Helena Merian-Graff (1668- after 1723)    
Year born1647 in Frankfurt am Main, Hessen    
Year died1717    
Place of deathAmsterdam    
Father's occupationengraver, topographical artist, and publisher ->Matthaeus Merian the Elder (1593-1650) ; Johanna Catharina Sibylla de Bry (1xxx-1690) (mother) ;    
Relativesartist and engraver->Jacob Marell (stepfather) ; Johann Theodor de Bry (grandfather) ; engraver ->Caspar Merian (1627-1686) (brother)    
Educationtaught by Marell (1613/1614-1681) ; artist and art dealer Georg Flegel (1566-1638) ; Abraham Mignon (1640-1679) ; husband Graff ;    
Country of ActivityGermany    
Worked forMerian: Metamorph Insect Surinamesium (1705) & New Flower book (1675/77) ; Georg Everard Rumpf: D'Amboinsche Rareitkamer ; botanist Caspar Commelin ; Agnes Block ;    
PatronageCornelis van Sommelsdijk, city officials Nicolaas and Jonas Witsen, med. Johann Georg Volkamer (1616-93), anat. Frederick Ruysch, Levinus Vincent    
Collaborators->Dorothea Merian-Graff (daughter) ; ->Jan Pieter Sluyter ; ->Joseph Mulder ; ->Daniel Stoopendael ; ->B. Stopendael ; ->Agnes Block for S. M. Merian's Metamorphoses (Paris 1771) ;    
Techniquesbotanical, entomological, and zoological engraving, drawing, water-coloring, and painting    
Sample(s)de.wikipedia.org/wiki/Metamorphosis_insectorum_Surinamensium ; gallica.bnf.fr/ark:/12148/btv1b2300244f    
Archival sourcesLinda Hall Library; Zoolog. Inst., St.Petersburg: Leningrader Studienbuch 1976; Leningrader Aquarelle 1974; www.getty.edu/art/exhibitions/merian/     
Published sources– Beelen 2012: 23-6c ;
– Chansigaud 2009: 48f. ;
– Dance 1989 ;
– Gilbert 2000: 24-6, 58, 86-7, 122 & 150-1 ;
– Grabowski, Carin {= Carin Martins}: Maria Sibylla Merian zwischen Malerei und Naturforschung Pflanzen- und Schmetterlingsbilder neu entdeckt (Berlin: Reimer, 2017, Ph. D. thesis: Zwischen Naturtreue und Konstruktion - Kritische Analyse und Neubewertung des Œuvres der Maria Sibylla Merian (1647-1717) / Berlin: Humboldt University, 2015) ;
– Jackson, C.: Bird Paintings I (1993: 124-5) ;
– Kramer, J. : Women Flowers (1996: 140-5) ;
– Ludwig Malerei 1998 ;
– Neri 2011: 139-80 ;
– Pinault 1991 ;
– Rice 1999 chapter 3 ;
– Rice 2010 chapter 3 ;
– Schmidt-Loske, Katharina: Tierwelt der M. S. M. (Marburg 2007) ;
– Wettengl, Kurt: M. S. M. (2013) ;
– Zemon Davis, Natalie: Women Margins 1991: 140-202 ;    
otherS. M. was active in Nuremberg, Germany, in the Netherlands (Friesland and Amsterdam) and in Surinam; taught artists Rachel Ruysch, Magdalena Fürst, and Clara Regina Imhof. Further Pubsource: Wirth, Brigitte: Maria Sibylla Merian, Baltasar Scheid und Richard Bradley, Die Künstlerin und Naturforscherin, ein Kaufmann und ein Botaniker, in: Annals of the History and Philosophy o Biology formerly Jahrbuch für Geschichte und Theorie der Biologie 12 (2007). (Göttingen 2009: 115-53) ;    
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