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Last NameThornhill    
Given NameJames    
alt. NamesJ. T. ;     
Marriagew. Lady Thornhill, who died at Chiswick in 1757    
Childrenson, James, who became serjeant-painter to the Navy; one daughter, Jane, who secretly married caricaturist & draughtsman William Hogarth in 1729    
Year born1675 or 1676 in Melcombe Regis, Dorset, England    
Year died1734    
Place of deathThornhill, Dorset, England    
Father's occupationWalter Thornhill of Wareham and Mary, eldest daughter of Colonel William Sydenham, governor of Weymouth.    
Relativesdraughtsman, caricaturist & painter William Hogarth, who married J.T.s daughter Jane: www.hogarth.org.uk/resource/mcerts/wh_jt_ma.htm    
Education1689-96 apprentice to Thomas Highmore (1660-1720), a non-figurative decorative painter; also studies w. Antonio Verrio (1639?-1707) & Louis Laguerre     
Country of ActivityEngland, UK    
Worked for(stellar) Atlas Coelestis of astronomers John Flamsteed & assistants Joseph Crosthwait & Abraham Sharp, publ. 1719-29, 2nd ed. 1753    
PatronageAstronomer Royal John Flamsteed; court painter of George I since 1718; 1720 Serjeant Painter & knighted since 1720; master of the Painters' guild;     
CollaboratorsSir J.T. ran a private art academy where one of his was William Hogarth    
Techniquesmostly historical & genre oil painting; astronomical engraving & stellar map-making; also portrays of Sir Isaac Newton in old age, 1709-12.    
Sample(s)www.google.de/search?q=James+Thornhill+Flamsteed ; http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Atlas_Coelestis    
Archival sourcesen.wikipedia.org/wiki/James_Thornhill www.thedorsetpage.com/people/James_Thornhill.htm words.fromoldbooks.org/Chalmers-Biography/t/thornhill-sir-james    
Published sourcesMemorial of Sir J.T., The Gentlemen's magazine & historical review 195 (Jan 1855):486ff.;DNB 57; Tabitha Barber in Oxford DNB 2004;AKL;     
other English painter of historical subjects working in the Italian baroque tradition; Queen Anne asked him to decorate the dome of St Paul's Cathedral in 1715ff.; Fellow of the Royal Society, London since 1720, 1722 to 1734 Thornhill was Member of Parliament for Melcombe Regis.;     

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