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Last NameDraper    
Given NameJohn William    
alt. NamesJ. W. D. ; -١٨٨٢م ; دراپر، جون وليام ;    
Marriagein 1831 w.Antonia Coetana de Paiva Pereira Gardner (c. 1814–1870), the daughter of Daniel Gardner, court physician to John VI of Portugal & Charlott    
Childrenastronomer, astrophysicist & astrophotographer ->Henry Draper (1837-1882); chemist John Christopher Draper (1835-1885)    
Year born1811 in St. Helens nearLiverpool;    
Year died1882    
Place of deathHastings near New York    
Father's occupationJohn Christopher Draper, a Wesleyan clergyman     
Relativesmother Sarah (Ripley) Draper; granddaughter Antonia Maury (1866-1952), astronomer & stellar spectroscopist    
Educationsince 1822 at Woodhouse Grove School, since 1829 University College London     
Country of ActivityUnited States of America    
Worked for    
Patronageounder of the New York University School of Medicine; 1st president of the American Chemical Society (1876–77)     
Techniquesdaguerreotype; first clear photograph of a female face (1839–40) and the first detailed photograph of the Moon (1840). spectrum photography    
Sample(s)emworden.blogspot.de/2011/02/john-william-draper.html ; http://astro-canada.ca/_en/photo690.php?a4306_lune1845 ; click.si.edu/Story.aspx?story=101    
Archival sourceshttp://gvh.aphdigital.org/items/show/119    
Published sourcesDSB; DNB; George Frederick Barker: Memoir of J.W.D., Washington, 1886; K.Hentschel: Why not one more Imponderable? J.W.D.& his 'Tithonic rays', Foundations of Chemistry 4,1 (2002): 5-59. Mapping the Spectrum, 2002; A. Gernsheim 1961: 87    
otherAmerican (English-born) scientist, philosopher, physician, chemist, historian & photographer, since 1832 in Virginia, USA & since 1837 in New York City    

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