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Last NameSowerby    
Given NameJames    
alt. NamesJ. S. ;     
Marriage1: Anne Brettingham De Carle (1764-1815) ; 2:. Mary Catherine Reynolds (widow of Admiral Reynolds) in 1819    
Children9; James De Carle (1787-1871) ; George Brettingham (1788-1854) ; Charles Edward (1795-1842); Felicia Elizabeth Ann (1809-1861); Charlotte Anne (1802-)    
Year born1757 in Lambeth, London    
Year died1822    
Place of deathLambeth, London or Paris    
Father's occupationlapidary John Sowerby (1711/1718-1766)    
RelativesArabella Goodreed (1725-1782) (mother) ; explorer naturalist Arthur de Carle Sowerby (1885-1954) (great grandson) ;    
EducationRoyal Academy of Art (...) ; apprentice to artist and marine painter 1771 Richard Wright (1735-1775), then by William Hodges (1744-1797)    
Country of ActivityUnited Kingdom    
Worked forJohn Lindley (1799-1865): Digitalium (1821) ; Philip Rashleigh (1729-1811) ; William Curtis (1746-1799): Eng. Botany & Flora (London 1777) & Botanical Magazine (London 1787 ff.) ; Charles Louis L'Héritier de Brutelle (1746-1800) ; George Shaw (1751-1813) & James Edward Smith (1759-1828): Zoology of New Holland (1794) ; William Withering (1741-1799) ; William Aiton (1731-1793) ; William Woodville (1752-1805) ; William Elford Leach (1790-1836): Malacostraca Pod Brit (1815-75 ; John Lightfoot (1735-1788): Flora Scotica (1777) ; Bauer: Strelitzia (1818) ; Lambert: Pinus 1803-24; John Sibthorp (1758-1796) & J. E. Smith: Flora Graeca (1806-40) ; J. S.: Brit & Exotic Mineralogy 1804-17/11-20, conch. 1842, Coloured figures of English fungi or mushrooms (3 volume, London: J. Davis, 1797-1803) ; James Dickson (1738-1822): Fasciculus Plant Cryptogamarum ; J. S. Miller: Illus Sys Sex Linaei (1777) ; botanist John Fraser (1750-1811) ; Richard Relhan (1754-1823) ; A. Driver (17xx-18xx) & W. (17xx-18xx) Driver ; Richard Anthony Salisbury (1761-1829) ; Robert John Thornton (1768-1837) ; J. S. Turner & Dawson Turner (1775-1858) ; Bernard Quaritch (1xxx-1xxx) ; William Wood ; Rev. Patrick Keith (1769-1840) ; William Smith (1769-1839): Strata identified by organized fossils (London 1816) ; Thomas Purton (1768-1833): A botanical description of British plants in the midland counties, particularly of those in the neighbourhood of Aleester (Stratford-upon-Avon 1817-21) ; George Graves (1784-1839) ; The British Miscellany (London 1804-06) ; The Mineral conchology of Great Britain (London 1812-29/-46, continued by James De Carle (1787-1871)) ; Introduction to Drawing Flowers According to Nature (1788, 2nd: 1807) ; Flora Luxuirans; or, The Florist's Delight (1789-91) ; J. S. & J. E. Smith: English Botany (36 volumes, 1790-1814) & Exotic Botanic (1804-05 (-1818)) ; Account of the difference of structure in the flowers of six species of Passiflora (1794) ; Coloured figures of English Fungi or Mushrooms (1795/1796-1803 and 1809-1815, supplement numbers) ; British Mineralogy (1804-17) ; Descriptions of Models to explain crystallography (1805-08) ; A new elucdation of colours (1809) ; A short Catalouge of British minerals (1811); Exotic Mineralogy (1811-17) ; Account of a remarkable Stone (1811) ; General Indexes to the thirty-six volumes of English Botany (1814) ; A list of rocks and stata arranged in the order they generally occur (1819) ; The Genera of Recent and Fossil Shells (1821-22 (1934), continued by James De Carle (1787-1871) & George Brettingham (1788-1854) ; Charles Abbot (17xx-18xx) ; George Montagu (1753-1815) ; William Kirby (1759-1850) ; Aylmer Bourke Lambert (1761-1842 ) ; John Mawe (1764-1829) ; John Vaughan Thompson (1779-1847) ; Frederick Kendall (17xx-18xx) ; John Coakley Lettsom (1744-1815) ; Henry Harrison of Wearde in Cornwall ; Mary Bright Marchioness of Rockingham (1735-1804) ;    
PatronageJoseph Banks (1743-1820); Charles Francis Greville (1749-1809); Botanical Magazine; John Lightfoot (1735-1788); John Stuart, 3rd Earl of Bute (1713-92    
Collaborators-> William Kilburn ; Sydenham Edwards ; -> Redouté ; -> Moses Griffith ; ->John Sowerby ; ->Franz Bauer ; ->Ferdinand Bauer; ->A. B. Lambert ; engraver Sansom ; -->D. Mackenzie ; artist James Bolton ; colorist Mr. Creswel ; Reverend Hugh Davies, rector of Aber in Caernarvorshire, Wales ; Mr. Cutler from Sheffield ; Thomas Pennant ; colourist John Adams with his assistents ;    
Techniquesbotanical, mineralogical, ornithological, natural, malacological, fossil, paleontological, and zoological drawing, engraving, painting, watercolour    
Sample(s)www.museumwales.ac.uk/en/824/ imgbase-scd-ulp.u-strasbg.fr/displayimage.php?album=583&pos=0 minrec.org/artwork.asp?cat=1&artistid=42 ;    
Archival sourcesNatural History Museum South Kensington Sowerby collection ; wellcome library ; obit: Gentleman's Mag 92(2) Dec 1822:568 ;    
Published sourcesNissen: Botan. Buchillustration 1966 # 439; Zoolog. Buchillustration 1969/78 ## 3836, 3838, 3884 & 3916-21 ; ThB 31 1937: 314 ; Lapage 1961: 43 & plate 2 ; Walpole 1969: 6, 8 & 28 ; Collins; Sawyer 1971: 187 ; Simpkins: J. Soc Bib. Nat. Hist. 6, 1974: 402-15 ; Blunt & Raphael 1979: 183f. ; Dance 1989: 113 ; Saunders 1995: 128-32 ; Eden 2008 ; Cleevely 1974: 484-92 ; Lack 1987: 104f. ; W. E. Wilson , in: Mineralogical Record 25 (1994): 76-81 & 87 ; Henderson 2015 ;    
otherFurther techniques: entomological engraving & hand coloring, together w. up to 30 other hand-colourers. Sowerby's teacher at the Royal Academy of Art, London, were Edward Penny (painting), Samule Wale (Perspective), William Hunter (anatomy), and Frederick Barff (chemistry). Further Patronage by the Dutchess of Portland Northumberland, Marchioness Rockingham, the late Earl of Lewisham. Further Place of Activity: France. Further technique: mycological drawing and engraving. See also: http://fmhibd.library.cmu.edu/HIBD-DB/ArtCat/recordlist.php?-skip=14275&-max=425 .    
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