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Last NameDalrymple    
Given NameAlexander    
alt. NamesA. D. ; Alexandre / A. D. Forbes ;    
Year born1737 in New Hailes, near Edinburgh    
Year died1808    
Place of death    
Father's occupationA.D. was 7th of 16 children of Sir James Dalrymple and his wife, the daughter of the Earl of Haddington    
Educationwent to London in 1752, was appointed writer in the British East India Company, being first posted to Madras    
Country of ActivityUnited Kingdom    
Worked forthousands of nautical charts, mapping a remarkable number of seas and oceans for the first time, e.g., A Historical Collection of the Several Voyages & Discoveries in the South Pacific Ocean (London 1770-71) ;    
Patronagefirst Hydrographer of the British Admiralty & 1779-95 f. East India Company; Royal Society; Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences (for.mem. 1782)    
Collaboratorscivil engineer John Smeaton ; cartographer J.B. d' ->Après de Mannevillette ;    
TechniquesA. D. compiled a "General collection of nautical publications" from all kinds of sources and employed engr. to improve maps    
Archival sourceswww.tsd.ac.uk/en/rbla/onlineexhibitions/thomasphillipsexhibition/18thcentury/alexanderdalrymple/    
Published sourcesAustralian Dictionary of Biography 1: 1788-850 (1966) ; Howard T. Fry: A. D. and the Expansion of British Trade (London 1970, chapters. IX-X) ; John Blake: Vermessung der Meere, 2007: 20, 40, 68, 73, 77, 83, 98, 108, 137 & 148 ;    
otherSee also www.sl.nsw.gov.au/discover_collections/history_nation/voyages/dalrymple/index.html & http://www.sl.nsw.gov.au/discover_collections/history_nation/voyages/dalrymple/maps/index.html.    

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