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Last NameCalcar    
Given NameJan Stephan (Stephanus) van / Johann Stephan von    
alt. NamesJ. S. C ; John Calckar / Calkar /Kalkar / Kalcker / Giovanni da Calcar / Johnannes Stephanus Calcarensis ;    
Marriage    
Children    
Year born1510 c.    
Year died1546    
Place of deathNaples, Italy    
Father's occupation    
Relativespossibly Jan S. van Calcar was not only the pupil, but also the nephew of ->Tizian    
Educationborn in the Netherlands, C. became a pupil of ->Tizian in Venice, Italy, where he then also practiced    
Country of ActivityItaly    
Worked forAndré Vésale / Vesalius: De humani corporis fabrica (1543) ;    
PatronageAndreas Vesalius (1514-1564) in Padua, court physician of Charles V & Philipp II     
Collaboratorsartist ->Titian / Tizian ; artist Dominique Campagnola ; publisher Jean Oporin, Basel ; see J. B. de C. M. Saunders & C. D. O’Malley: Illustrations from Andreas Vesalius (1973) ;     
Techniquesanatomical and zoological woodcut, anatomical, and wood engravings    
Sample(s)http://www.library.utoronto.ca/anatomical/RBAI035/0002-0-0.jpg , http://vesalius.northwestern.edu/flash.html , www.codex99.com/anatomy/45.html    
Archival sourcesMartin Kemp: A drawing for the Fabrica, Medical History 14 (1970), 377-388; J. Hazard in Histoire des Sciences Medicales 30 (1996), 471-480;     
Published sourcesNissen: Zoolog. Buchillustration 1969/78 ; Chouland 1920: 169-98 ; Grünthal 1957: 97-9 ; Lapage, Johann S. von Calcar, c. 1992 ; L'Illustration Anatomique 1998: 40-7 ; Kusukawa 2012: 185-210 ; Herrlinger 1972: 102-18 ; James T. Goodrich: Ident. anatom. illustr. Fabrica (1543) ; J. Biocommunication 5,3: 26-32 ; Pinault et al. 1984: 57 ;    
otherJ. S. C. financed 1st ed. of Vesalius by B. Vitale in Venice (1538) ; M. Putscher (1983) claims ->Tizian as pl. author of Fabrica 1538 & 2nd ed. 1555.    
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